UWInfo | Young Immigrants | Genealogy | Local History | 19th Century Immigration
The following information was extracted from the British Parliamentary Papers, 1835 XXXIV.
The number of emigrants aided by parishes and landlords, this year has been 1,892, as stated in the Paper No. 1, p. 8, of the Appendix. They come principally from Hampshire, Sussex and Norfolk, in England, and from Munster and Leinster, in Ireland; generally well provided.
With respect to the emigration of paupers, nothing need be added to my previous reports, except to press upon your Lordship's consideration the necessary amendment to the Passenger Act, which I have the honour of submitting in page 15 of the Appendix.
I am happy in being able to state that fewer causes of dissatisfaction, from the conduct of shipbrokers, have occurred this year; and no serious inconvenience has been reported to me to have arisen from a scanty supply of provisions. This improved state of things may be attributed, in a great measure, to the appointment of emigrant agents at the principal ports of the United Kingdom. Whenever, in addition to these appointments, the Passenger Act shall have been amended, it may be hoped that all causes of complaint will be removed.
|1834||Vessel & Where Wrecked||Lives Lost|
|Early in spring||James, of Workington, Captain Crooks, wrecked on St. Paul's Island||none|
|Noon, of Sunderland, Captain Phillips, wrecked on St. Paul's Island||none|
|Isabella, of Workington, with 130 emigrants; seven drowned, remainder suffered great distress; wrecked on St. Paul's Island||7|
|Bark, name unknown, same place|
|Brig James, from Limerick, Captain lardle; lost on the Great Bank, Newfoundland||250|
|Bark Astrea, near Cape Breton; all lost||271|
|Fidelity, Clark, from Dublin; same place; crew and passengers saved; 29 died of fatigue||29|
|Bark Edward, Chapman; near Scutari|
|Brig Columbus; same place|
|Ship, name unknown; Little Island.|
|Brig Trafalgar, from St. John's New Brunswick; near Cape Breton|
|Brig from west of England; near Arichat, with 180 passengers; only seven saved||173|
|Brig from west of England, with 280 passengers; near Eusebo Cut, off Causo; no lives lost|
|Brig Resolution, Turnbull, with 233; wrecked near Spit Island, south east coast Newfoundland; one boy and all the passengers baggage lost||1|
|Bark Juno, arrived at Richituito with 233 emigrants taken from a wreck at sea|
|Patriot, from Sunderland; on Cape Rosier, Gulph[sic] of St. Lawrence|
|Scarborough Castle, at sea, Longitude 41|
|Number of ships lost||17|
This City and Montreal has never been more free from inconvenience from an emigrant population, and the interference of the benevolent has been less required this season than for the last five years. From the competition between the steam boats here and the forwarding boats above Montreal, emigrants may now get from Quebec to Prescott for about one dollar each adult.
|Kingston||For each adult||10s.|
|Children between 7 and 14 years||5s.|
|Children between 3 and 7 years||3s. 4d.|
|Children under 3 years||gratis|
|Luggage||2s. 9d. per cwt., and none allowed.|
|The company have decked barges leaving this every day, and arrive at Bytown in tow days, and in Kingston in five days, without any transhipping of luggage.|
I am directed by the Montreal Emigrant Committee to send you the enclosed list of persons who have paid to the captains of vessels therein mentioned, ship Home and Malvina, the tax imposed on emigrants by the late Act, and who are now here unable to proceed to their destinations, but which the sums they have paid would enable them to do. The Emigrant Society respectfully requests your kind attention to the case of those poor people, and beg the favour of you to recover back the amount due them if possible. (List of names does not appear in report).
Mr. Buchanan replied that the money could not be extracted from the captains of the vessels and until the Passenger Act was amended they could do nothing in law to get the money. He went on to say: "I cannot avoid expressing my fears but that those shed in Montreal, with every caution and scrutiny your benevolent society can use, in many instances tend to check those lazy characters in their own efforts to obtain employment, or proceed further up the country...Mr. Carlisle Buchanan [Mr. Buchanan's nephew and successor] who will deliver this letter to you, I have requested to render you every aid in his power to get the present occupants of the sheds disposed of, and directed to where they can find employment."
"...Prescott is the regular station of the Lake steam-boats, where in general one or more are laying ready to receive the emigrants on arrival, besides there is a very commodious emigrant barrack and hospital for their special accommodation; added to which is the valuable superintendence of Mr. Patton the Government agent. When at Brockville, on Wednesday last, I witnessed the necessity of adopting the preceding suggesting in consequence of the great inconvenience felt by a number of emigrants that had just arrived in a Durham boat from Montreal; whereas had these people disembarked at Prescott, they could have gone on board the Great Britain steamer then lying there, and proceed the following day. I visited the works at the Long Sault Canal, where preparations on a large scale are in progress, for affording employment to a great many labourers and artificers very shortly, and which will be a great relief to those that are unable to proceed up the country, where the want of all persons of the working classes is much felt. I avail myself on the present occasion to assure you of my great anxiety and readiness to render any aid in my power in promoting the benevolent intentions of the inhabitants of Montreal and I shall have great pleasure in communicating to his Lordship the Governor in chief the favourable state of the emigrant population throughout the route of the St. Lawrence, and the exertions made in their behalf by the benevolent inhabitants of your city."
"I proceeded by the south side of Lake Ontario, as I wished to visit Oswego, which is becoming the principal point of entry towards the Upper Province by emigrants from New York, and I am glad in being enabled to state, for his Lordship's information, that the number of British emigrants that have entered Upper Canada by that route, as also Rochester and Buffalo, this year, is unprecedented, and evidently proves that the mania for running to the "far west" is completely checked. The facility and ease with which emigrants get from New York to Lake Ontario is very great, and their adopting the Oswego route, instead of proceeding as hitherto to Buffalo, is exceedingly important, as it brings the strange emigrant at once to the seat of Government, and prevents his falling into the hands of designing land jobbers and crimps at Buffalo.
I visited part of the London district, and the works at the Grand River improvements and Welland Canal, and found every thing satisfactory; settlements going on in every direction, and plenty of employment for labourers and tradesmen of all descriptions; many hundred of common labourers are employed at the Grand River, at 12 dollars per month, and found in board and lodging.
I visited Toronto during the prevalence of the cholera, and I was gratified at finding his Excellency Sir John Colborne well pleased at the fortunate situation of the emigrant population there. There was scarcely an emigrant to be seen, all had proceeded to their several destinations.
Lord Egremont's settlers from Petworth had all been well provided for in the vicinity of Brantford.
From Toronto I proceeded to Kingston by land, calling at Port Hope, Coburgh[sic], Colborne, Bay of Quinte, Belleville, &c., I remained part of a day at Coburg[sic], and obtained information as to the prospects and condition of the various new settlements about the Rice Lake, in the rear of that thriving village.
I remained two days at Kingston, and found every thing there very satisfactory, considering the awful visitation with which that city, as well as the whole route of the St. Lawrence from Quebec to Toronto, have been visited. I went about 50 miles down the Rideau; and being anxious to visit Brockville and Prescott, and meeting a steam-boat on the canal, I returned to Kingston, and proceeded by the St. Lawrence to Montreal. A reference to my letter to the Honourable P. McGill, chairman of the Sanitary Committee, will inform his Lordship on various matters connected with the transport of emigrants from Montreal upwards. I urged on the consideration of the forwarding agents the great benefits that would be experienced by emigrants and the public if a line of covered barges were established to take the emigrants on board at Quebec, and not disembark them until they arrived at Kingston.
With reference to the forwarding system adopted by the Sanitary and Emigrant Committee at Montreal, the honourable chairman informed me, that they send up free all that solicit it; and that on the arrival of the steam-boats from Quebec, every publicity is given that any emigrants wishing to proceed to the Upper Province, and who have not sufficient means to do so, if they call at the office of the committee will receive an order for a free passage and provisions. A great number of emigrants proceeded this season to Kingston by the Rideau Canal; the rate of passage is about 2s. 6d. or 3s. higher than by the St. Lawrence; say via Rideau, 10s., St. Lawrence 7s. 6d.; but to those who are able to pay the difference, the additional comfort in favour of the Rideau route is more than equivalent. On the whole the competition between the forwarders has been very favourable to the emigrants; great efforts are making by the St. Lawrence carriers to compete, and if possible to keep ahead of the Ottawa route. With the Passenger Act amended, and the continued protection of the Governor in Chief to the authorities responsible for conducting emigration, the most salutary benefits might be expected, and much of the expense of quarantine avoided, and the interference of mistaken public sympathy and irresponsible institutions dispensed with.
© Marjorie P. Kohli, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada, 1997-2007
Last updated: February 17, 2007 and maintained by Marj Kohli