Immigrants to Canada

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Immigration Papers of 1825-26

The following information was extracted from the British Parliamentary Papers, 1826 (404) IV.1 "Select Committee on Emigration from United Kingdom Report, Minutes of Evidence, Appendix, Index."

STATEMENT of Implements, &c. issued to the Emigrants who arrived from

Lanarkshire, North Britain, in the Year 1820

No

DESCRIPTION

Number

Persons

Adzes

Augers

Axes

Blankets

Carpenters Hammers

Files

Flanders Kettles

Fryingpans

Gimlets

Men

Women

Children

Felling

Hand

Pick

1.

Glasgow Emigration Society

11

7

19

6

11

11

11

11

28

11

22

11

11

22

2.

Bridgetown Transatlantic

22

20

66

11

22

22

22

22

75

22

44

22

22

14

3.

Abercrombie F.E. Society

8

7

22

4

8

8

8

8

26

8

16

8

8

16

4.

Bridgetown Canadian

32

25

92

16

32

32

32

32

103

32

64

32

32

64

5.

Muslin-street Society

9

7

28

5

9

9

9

9

30

9

18

9

9

18

6.

Abercrombie-street Society

8

6

31

4

8

8

8

8

30

8

16

8

8

16

7.

Transatlantic Society

9

9

35

5

9

9

9

9

36

9

18

9

9

18

8.

Lesmahngo emigrating

34

28

128

17

34

34

34

34

126

34

68

34

34

68

9.

Anderston & Ruglen E. Society

34

25

111

17

34

34

34

34

115

34

68

34

34

68


cont....

No

DESCRIPTION

Hooks

Hoes

Hinges, Pairs

Harrow Teeth

Iron Wedges

Latches & Catches

Locks & Keys

Nails, lbs.

Pitchforks

Sangets?

Handsaws

Spades

Scythes, complete

Rcaping

Bill

Broad

Narrow

1.

Glasgow Emigration Society

11

11

11

11

22

99

11

11

11

165

11

11

11

11

11

2.

Bridgetown Transatlantic

22

22

22

22

44

198

22

22

22

330

22

22

22

22

22

3.

Abercrombie F.E. Society

8

8

8

8

16

72

8

8

8

120

8

8

8

8

8

4.

Bridgetown Canadian

32

32

32

32

64

288

32

32

32

480

32

32

32

32

32

5.

Muslin-street Society

9

9

9

9

18

81

9

9

9

135

9

9

9

9

9

6.

Abercrombie-street Society

8

8

8

8

16

72

8

8

8

120

8

8

8

8

8

7.

Transatlantic Society

9

9

9

9

18

81

9

9

9

135

9

9

9

9

9

8.

Lesmahago emigrating

34

34

34

34

68

306

34

34

34

510

34

34

34

34

34

9.

Anderston & Ruglen E. Society

34

34

34

34

68

306

34

34

34

510

34

34

34

34

34

On blanket to each Man and Woman. One ditto to two Children.
Proportion of other Implements issued for the general use of the Concessions:
Grindstones- - - - - - - -40
Whip-saws - - - - - - - - 40
Cross-cut Saws - - - - - 40
Files, of sorts - - - - - - 120

                                                                                    Wm. Marshall, Captain

                                                                                    Sec’ Supt L. My Settlement


RETURN OF IRISH EMIGRANTS

Settled in the District of Bathurst, in the Year 1823, showing the Births and Deaths from that period until the present date; and also, the Number of Cattle and Hogs now in the Possession of each Head of a Family, together with the Amount of Produce raised by each on their respective Farms.

TOWNSHIP OF RAMSAY.–March 14, 1826.

(Note: The term “do” was used in this document meaning ditto or as above.)

No

NAMES

Con.

Lot.

Number of Family

Births

Deaths

Number of Acres Cleared

Grain raised since their Arrival

Potatoes

Turnips

Cattle

Hogs

REMARKS

1

Timothy Quinn

4

4

5

1

1 child

8

30

60

20

4

4

 

2

William Drake

2

2

2

2

2 do.

12

150

500

150

6

4

 

3

Cornelius Ryan

4

2

single

-

-

4

-

-

-

-

-

Has been at work at the canal

4

Partick Haly

9

2

6

-

-

16

140

800

400

7

14

 

5

William Gubbins

1

10

single

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

Working at the canal

6

Michael Corkery

3

10

8

1

-

30

300

1,200

900

10

20

Thirty acres cleared, including a beaver meadow which be brushed

7

Patrick Corkery

3

10

single

-

-

2

-

-

-

-

-

Residing and working with his father.

8

John Coghlin

3

13

3

1

-

5

30

100

100

-

2

At work at Kingston

9

Timothy Sheehan

3

16

8

1

-

14

100

300

-

4

2

 

10

Patrick Nelligan

4

18

2

-

-

4

45

40

-

1

-

 

11

James Ray

5

21

4

2

-

6

40

100

200

2

2

Sick for seven months

12

Michael Riely

5

20

single

-

-

1

-

-

-

1

 

Resided and worked together with Brian Riely was killed by the fall of a tree.

 

13

Brien Riely

5

20

3

-

1

8

60

200

300

1

-

14

Daniel Regan

5

19

7

-

-

10

50

300

100

2

-

 

15

John Regan

5

19

single

-

-

2

-

-

-

1

-

Residing with his father.

16

John Phelan

1

18

8

1

1

16

90

1,000

60

6

6

 

17

George Dooly

2

25

single

-

-

4

-

-

-

-

-

At work on the Grand River.

18

Martin Ryan

2

22

9

1

-

25

250

600

700

10

12

A grist and saw __? on this lot.

19

Patrick Foley

2

27

9

1

-

16

200

700

500

4

7

 

20

Michael M’Gaurin

1

25

single

-

-

6

40

150

200

1

-

 

21

Patrick Rourke

3

23

3

-

-

3

-

-

-

2

 

Has been at work on the canal.

22

Michael Horan

1

23

single

-

-

6

10

20

30

-

 

Has been at work at the canal.

23

William Riordan

5

23

single

-

-

5

50

100

-

-

-

 

24

Patrick Lynch

3

8

2

-

-

12

80

100

150

5

-

 

25

David Ward

4

7

7

1

-

12

100

200

200

1

-

 

26

Timothy Rahilly

4

7

6

1

-

10

80

250

100

12

-

 

27

John Kenney

5

7

4

1

1

10

100

400

500

6

8

 

28

James Sheehan

4

11

8

2

-

11

90

200

400

4

2

 

29

Thomas Madden

6

6

6

-

-

20

350

1,000

1,200

12

8

 

30

John Young

10

1

11

-

-

6

45

250

200

5

6

 

31

Garratt Dulneage

11

5

6

1

-

6

100

200

50

6

7

 

32

John Teskey, sen.

11

7

12

1

-

14

220

400

300

7

2

 

33

Joseph Teskey

4

10

single

-

-

4

20

20

-

-

-

Residing with their father.

34

Robert Teskey

11

8

do

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

35

John Teskey

11

7

do

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

36

Matthew Tierney

11

3

do

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Residing with J. Teskey.

37

John Benson

10

7

7

1

-

7

70

300

200

2

2

 

38

Jeremiah Madden

6

6

single

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Residing with his father.

39

John Curran

11

13

7

1

1

10

16

150

80

3

2

 

40

John Thompson

11

12

4

2

1

5

30

200

100

3

2

 

41

James Flynn

12

9

6

1

-

6

48

300

10

3

2

 

42

Robert Armstrong

12

7

9

1

-

6

10

200

20

2

4

 

43

Daniel Ryan

8

7

7

1

-

10

50

400

300

6

2

 

44

Timothy O’Brien

9

10

7

1

-

10

60

400

200

8

6

 

45

John Mara

9

11

10

2

-

9

20

100

100

3

3

 

46

Patrick Slattery

8

17

6

1

-

8

24

600

60

2

2

 

47

Francis Jessop

12

14

single

-

-

5

5

150

50

-

-

 

48

Thos Stephenson

9

23

9

-

2

7

25

300

40

-

-

 

49

Garratt Magle

10

27

11

2

-

11

110

800

20

3

5

 

50

Gerard Magle

9

26

single

-

-

4

-

-

-

-

-

Residing with his father.

51

Walter Stephenson

9

23

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Residing with his father.

52

William Hickey

12

11

single

-

-

3

70

-

-

5

2

Took a farm on shares at Brockville, hat is ??? upon his land.

53

Maurs Bristnahan

11

11

do

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Working a farm on shares near Brockville.

54

Denis Galvin

5

23

do

-

-

2

-

-

-

-

-

Working on shares with another settler.

55

Patrick Donoghue

2

18

do

-

-

4

-

-

-

-

-

Has been at work at the canal, and is now sick.

56

William Barry

11

15

6

-

1

3

10

40

10

-

-

At work at Brockville at his trade (tailor.)

57

Denis Haly

1

7

single

-

-

2

-

-

-

1

-

Residing with his father.

58

Charles M’Carthy

7

8

2

-

-

6

-

-

-

-

-

At work at Kingston, his lot let upon shares.

 

.....Total

-

-

251

31

11

430½

3,318

13,130

7,950

161

138

 

TOWNSHIP OF HUNTLY

NAMES

Con.

Lot.

Number of Family

Births

Deaths

Number of Acres Cleared

Grain raised since their Arrival

Potatoes

Turnips

Cattle

Hogs

REMARKS

John Meehan

10

18

4

1

1

9

35

350

130

4

1

 

Michael Meehan

9

19

single

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

At work with his brother.

James White

10

17

5

1

1

10

85

550

120

5

2

 

William White

9

20

single

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

At work with his father.

James Allen

10

19

6

2

2

6

30

220

100

4

-

 

William Walsh

11

20

3

1

-

6

8

180

90

2

-

 

Daniel Bristnahan

10

20

7

-

-

 12

22

200

100

-

-

 

Timothy O’Brien

10

22

8

2

-

4

-

330

140

1

2

Cleared 8 acres upon a bad lot.

Patrick Mealy

11

21

single

-

-

4

10

40

30

-

-

At work with a settler.

Martin Mansel

11

23

2

1

1

12

80

250

50

4

2

 

Laurence Mansel

10

27

single

-

-

-

-

-

-

2 horses

-

At work with his brother.

Richard Forrest

12

22

6

-

-

26

110

1,000

500

-

6

Cow and calf drowned.

Timothy Forrest

11

21

single

-

-

-

-

-

-

4

-

Both have been at work near Brockville, but are now with their father.

James Forrest

11

20

do

-

-

-

-

-

-

5

-

Richard Forrest

12

20

do

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Residing with his father.

Charles Sullivan

12

23

do

-

-

4 ½

30

212

40

2

1

 

James Toughall

11

19

3

2

2

4

3

40

-

-

-

 

William Leahy

12

7

7

-

1

7

40

300

40

8

5

 

James Roche

9

15

7

1

-

6

16

60

50

4

-

 

Geoffrey Donohue

10

15

6

2

-

3

-

100

40

-

-

At work at Perth.

Michael Cronan

10

18

4

2

-

2

-

-

-

-

-

Both went to work, and are now sick near Brockville.

John Gaghagan

10

17

3

1

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

Total

-

-

79

15

7

116½

469

3,830

1,430

47

17

and 2 horses.


TOWNSHIP OF GOULBURN


NAMES

Con.

Lot.

Number of Family

Births

Deaths

Number of Acres Cleared

Grain raised since their Arrival

Potatoes

Turnips

Cattle

Hogs

REMARKS

Cornelius Collins

12

2

10

1

-

14

50

250

200

4

1

 

Richard Collins

11

1

5

-

-

9

30

60

20

5

-

 

Thomas Collins

11

1

2

-

-

4

30

50

-

2

-

 

Daniel Collins

12

1

single

-

-

3

20

50

-

2

-

 

James Buckly

12

1

3

-

-

6

18

200

-

2

1

 

Daniel Buckly

12

3

single

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Working with his brother.

Denis Murphy

10

3

5

-

-

6

30

100

60

3

3

 

Patrick Murphy

11

6

single

-

-

5

28

97

59

2

-

 

John Sullivan

7

6

6

-

-

13

40

400

-

4

-

 

John Sullivan, jun.

7

7

single

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

Working with his father.

John Barry

6

6

6

-

-

10

70

500

150

3

3

 

Thomas Barry

7

1

single

-

-

4

-

-

-

2

3

Working with his father.

Richard Collins

12

2

do

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Working with his father.

Roger Cunningham

11

5

7

1

-

7

76

200

140

4

8

 

Michael White

11

3

9

-

-

15

100

400

200

5

9

 

Total

-

-

59

2

-

96

492

2,307

829

39

27

 


TOWNSHIP OF PAKENHAM


NAMES

Con.

Lot.

Number of Family

Births

Deaths

Number of Acres Cleared

Grain raised since their Arrival

Potatoes

Turnips

Cattle

Hogs

REMARKS

John Green, jun.

7

21

4

1

-

5

4

50

20

1

-

Worked 9 months near Brockville.

George Green

5

3

single

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

-

Worked nearly 1 year at Brockville.

William Green

6

1

2

-

-

6

40

100

50

2

-

 

Denis Shanahan

8

24

3

1

-

5

-

-

-

-

-

Worked last year at the Ottawa, but is now on his land.

Thomas Boyle

7

18

6

1

1

7

14

100

100

7

3

 

Henry Boyle

6

25

single

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

Residing with his brother.

Michael Gregg

6

24

3

1

-

6 ½

-

-

-

-

-

Working for the last year at his trade (blacksmith.)

William Gregg

6

25

5

1

-

8

15

240

-

3

1

 

Henry Mahony

6

27

2

1

1

3

10

-

-

-

-

Working at his trade (saddler.)

John Mantle

7

23

6

1

-

6

22

210

110

4

1

Residing with his father.

James Mantle

5

25

single

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

 

John Dogherty

7

23

6

1

-

8

-

-

20

2

-

 

John Green, sen.

8

22

4

2

-

4

-

130

20

3

-

 

Thomas Green

9

21

single

-

-

4

-

-

-

4

-

 

Busted Green

8

22

2

-

-

7

5

-

-

1

-

Worked out at his trade (shoemaker.)

Timothy Kennedy

5

1

single

-

-

6

20

40

16

-

-

Worked out at Brockville.

George Hanniver

5

25

single

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Worked out at the Grand River.

Timothy Clahane

7

3

6

-

-

8

65

220

150

4

-

 

Denis Clahane

7

3

single

-

-

7 ½

-

-

-

2

-

Residing with his brother.

Total

-

-

56

10

2

91

195

1,100

486

36

5

 



No

NAMES

Con.

Lot.

Number of Family

Births

Deaths

Number of Acres Cleared

Grain raised since their Arrival

Potatoes

Turnips

Cattle

Hogs

REMARKS

1

Timothy Mann

12

23

7

1

-

12

92

200

100

1

1

  

2

David Dooland

12

23

9

-

-

14

100

400

50

4

1

 

3

Edmund Dooland

12

24

single

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

Residing with his father.

4

John Dooland

12

27

do

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

 

Total

-

-

18

1

-

26

192

600

150

7

2

 



TOWNSHIP OF LANARK

No

NAMES

Con.

Lot.

Number of Family

Births

Deaths

Number of Acres Cleared

Grain raised since their Arrival

Potatoes

Turnips

Cattle

Hogs

REMARKS

1

Robert Shed

11

15

6

2

-

10

60

100

200

5

6

 


TOWNSHIP OF BATHURST

No

NAMES

Con.

Lot.

Number of Family

Births

Deaths

Number of Acres Cleared

Grain raised since their Arrival

Potatoes

Turnips

Cattle

Hogs

REMARKS

1

Michael Nagle

5

19

8

2

-

8

100

400

100

7

6

 

... (statistical summary of information excluded)

LOCATIONS VACATED BY DEATH OR ABSENCE

NAMES

REMARKS

No

TOTAL

 

Deaths

 

 

Patrick Donoghue

Died in Ramsey in 1823

1

 

Florence Carey

Drowned in August 1825

1

 

John French

Drowned at Kingston, Upper Canada, October 1825

1

 

Bartholomew Murphy

1

 

John Delohary

1

 

James M’Donnell

Drowned in June 1825

1

 

Edmond Buckly

Died in Goulburn

1

 

Patrick Leahy

Died in Huntly

1

 

 

Total - - - -

 

8

 

Supposed to have gone to the United States

 

 

Denis Sweeny

Nailer by trade

1

 

James Brown

Boy

1

 

Thomas Hennessy

Turners by trade

2

 

Thomas Hennessy, jun.

Jeremiah Mullane

Labourer

1

 

Michael Lynch

Millwright by trade

1

 

John Ruby

Boy

1

 

James Magner

Labourer

1

 

Daniel Callaghan

Ditto

1

 

 

Total - - -

 

9

 

Absent without leave, but at work in Canada.

 

 

Patrick Keefe

Rafting on the St. Laurence

2

 

Thomas Keefe

William Brown

Boatman on St. Laurence

1

 

Richard Wynne

Carpenter, working at Perth

1

 

John O’Brien

Tradesman, at work in Montreal

1

 

Thomas O’Brien

At work with a farmer in the country

1

 

Patrick Dahill

At work with a farmer in the country

1

 

 

Carried forward - - -

7

29


LOCATIONS VACATED BY DEATH OR ABSENCE

NAMES

REMARKS

No

TOTAL

 

Brought forward - - -

7

29

 

Absent without leave, but at work in Canada–continued.

 

 

Edmond Barry

Baker, at Kingston in Upper Canada

1

 

Michael Regan

Labourer, at work in the country

1

 

Patrick Sullivan

Labourer, at work in Montreal

1

 

Denis Daly

Mason, at Perth

1

 

John Leahy

Settled in the district of Newcastle

1

 

Cornelius Roche

Blacksmith, in Montreal

1

 

Timothy Toomey

Rafting on the St. Lawrence

1

 

Anniver Cusick

At work in the country, but will return to his land

1

 

James Seyward

Shoemaker, at Perth

1

 

Jeremiah Cronin

Shoemaker, at Perth

1

 

James Mard

Mason, at work on the Rideau

1

 

Patrick Hoare

Labourer at work in the country

1

 

Michael Crotty

Labourer at work in the country

1

 

George Hourahan

Labourer at work in the country

1

 

John Carthy

Labourer at work at Richmond

1

 

John Finn

Labourer at work in Douro

1

 

Cornelius Donovan

Sawyer, at Perth

1

 

James Scandlan

At work near Prescott

1

 

John Sullivan

Schoolmaster in the country

1

 

Patrick Lonergun

At work at the Canal

1

 

Cornelius Buckly

Has been absent, but is now returned to his land

1

 

Michael Sullivan

Carpenter, at Perth

1

 

James M’Grath

Labourer, at work in the country

1

 

Luck M’Grath

Labourer at work in the country

1

 

William Fitzgerald

Shoemaker, at work in the country

1

 

 

Total

 

32

Robert Smithwich

Returned to Ireland

- -

1

 

Total Locations vacated - - -

- -

62

GENERAL SUMMARY

 

No

TOTAL

Total Number of Irish Emigrants located in the District of Bathurst in 1823, under the Superintendence of Peter Robinson, Esq.

 

 

Heads of families

-

182

Present State of the Settlement, as per foregoing Returns: viz.

 

 

Heads of families now living on their lands, as per Return, No. 1

120

 

Locations vacated by deaths - - - - 8

 

 

Locations vacated by absence without leave, but supposed to be in Canada - - - 12

 

 

Locations vacated gone to the United States - - - 9

 

 

Locations vacated but at work in Canada - - - 32

 

 

Locations vacated returned to Ireland - - - 1

62

 

 

182

182

(This table is given as one in the original but has been broken into two for display here.)

DISTRIBUTION

Men

Women

Children

General Total

Located in the Newcastle district

625

512

745

1,373

Located in the Bathurst district

15

15

25

55

Met with friends at Montreal and remained there

8

6

12

26

Remained at Kingston

2

-

-

2

Absent at Colony without leave, and supposed to have gone to the United States

1

1

2

4

Died at sea on passage to Canada

2

2

11

15

Died since arrival in Canada

29

12

46

87

Total - -

680

548

941

2,069

Embarked at Cove

2,024 

Joined in Canada

12 

Born and now in the District of Newcastle

33 

Total - -

2,069


JOINED IN CANADA

Heads of Families with whom these People were found

Men

Women

Children

REMARKS

Pat Clancy

2

-

-

Brother to Pat

B. Driscoll

-

-

1

Twin son of B. Driscoll

John Serjeant

1

-

-

Brother-in-law to J.S.

Michael Leahy

2

-

-

Sons to M. Leahy

Henry Gardiner

-

1

-

 

John Lancaster

1

-

-

 

Denis Shanahan

1

-

-

 

Jer. M’Carthy

-

1

-

 

Pat. Twooney

-

1

-

 

Michael Dabel

-

2

-

 

 

6

5

1

 

The above persons were not included in the returns sent to the Colonial Office, with the exception of Michael Leary’s two sons; they had managed to get on board after the settlers had been mustered. On my taking charge of the Emigrants at Kingston, I found they had been considered as settlers up to that point, and from their being related to the other settlers I thought it best to continue them.


Appendix, No. 6.
LETTER from Agent of the Passengers Office at Liverpool, on the Charge of conveying
Emigrants from that Town to America.

Passengers Office, Liverpool, 4th May 1826.
Sir,

Perceiving that there is a Committee of the House of Commons now deliberating on the expediency of transferring the overplus population of Ireland to Canada, I take the liberty of stating, that in the spring of 1823, in consequence of the numerous impositions to which emigrants embarking at this port were subjected, I was appointed by the American Chamber of Commerce here, the agent of the “Passengers’ Office,” established by them, and have ever since been employed in procuring passages, and in making the needful arrangements for emigrants proceeding from Liverpool to the United States and British America; and from the experience I have had in these matters, I flatter myself that I should be able to conduct such operations to the satisfaction of all parties, and on very economical terms.

Many vessels sail from this port for Quebec, &c. during the spring and summer of every year, and there being very little freight in proportion to the number of vessels, they might be chartered here, to take passengers from a port in Ireland to Quebec, on very moderate terms, generally about 21s. per register ton.

I have, during the last three years, engaged passages for Quebec from this port as low as 2l. 10s. and 2l. each, and within this month past single passengers have been taken for 3l. the owners of the vessel paying out of that sum the expense of births, water, water casks and fuel. Under faithful and prudent superintendence, the expense of fitting out a vessel for passengers at this port will be very moderate, the articles needful for that purpose being constantly on sale, and obtainable at wholesale prices.

Craving reference, with respect to character and ability, to the annexed printed notice of my appointment by the American Chamber of Commerce, and referring for the same purpose to Messrs Cropper, Benson & Co. And to Mr. Ed. Cearns, jun. Merchants here, to whom I am personally known.

                                                            I have the honour to be, very respectfully, Sir,
                                                                        Your most obedient humble Servant,
To R.J. Wilmot Horton, Esq. M.P.                                                     W.S. Fitz Hugh.
&c. &c. &c.


ESTIMATE of the Expenses of a Vessel to be chartered at Liverpool, to carry Passengers
from a Port in Ireland to Quebec.

A vessel of 300 tons will have accommodation for at least 200 passengers, according to the usual proportion of children, i.e. about 109 adults, 40 children under 14 years, and 51 children under seven years.

Such a vessel may be chartered for 21s. Per register ton

£315 - -

Cost of timber for and of building the births for that number

26 - -

Water casks and water

69 - -

Average, 2l. 2s. per head

£410 - -

Beds and bedding, viz. Mattress, blankets and coverlet, for the whole, will cost

200 - -

 

£510 - -

Provisions for the voyage, when furnished by the passengers themselves, seldom cost more than 30s. a head, and consist chiefly of oatmeal, potatoes, bacon, eggs, butter and molasses; but if to be provided for them, it would be requisite to lay in a sufficiency of biscuit and meat, including which the cost per head would not exceed 2l.

It is presumed, that a surgeon belonging to His Majesty’s navy would be employed; that expense and the cost of medicines, which would be trifling, is omitted in the above estimate.

W.S. Fitz Hugh.


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