Young Immigrants to Canada

UWInfo | Young Immigrants | 19th Century Immigration | Genealogy | Local History

Ships They Came On - only Reformatory and Industrial Schools

The data in the following tables was extracted from the Government of Canada Sessional Papers. In the early years, the report for the port of Quebec was the only one given. Later, reports sometimes appeared for Halifax, Saint John and a few other places such as Hamilton (this must have been lake traffic).

The numbers given in the various categories changed meaning over the years. For example, at one time a male was any male over 12 years; a female any female over 12 years; a child was over one year of age and an infant under one. Sometimes all children 12 and under were listed as "child" and the infant category was not used.

The numbers of passengers given here did not always agree with the numbers that were quoted in other government reports. Therefore, these figures should only be used as a guideline. Dates also were not consistent, sometimes being given and sometimes not. Later forms changed so that ships names were not given but the destination of the party was.

The information is for all "assisted" passage. This means for the organizations bringing children as well as reformatories, industrial schools and emigration groups, such as the East End Emigration Society and the Clerkenwell Emigration Committee. These later two groups, and others like them, brought hundreds of people to Canada.

Immigration of Juveniles at the Port of Quebec(1)
Year Date Ship Org. Male Female Child Infants
1862 May 10   Red Hill Reformatory 2      
  May 13   " 4      
  May 20   " 2      
  May 29   " 2      
  May 29   Sandbach Reformatory (Cheshire) 4      
  June 7   Red Hill Reformatory 2      
  June 26   Beesdale Reformatory (Lancashire) 2      
  July 11   Leeds Reformatory 4      
  July 11   Hertz Reformatory 5      
  July 14   Red Hill Reformatory 2      
  July 14   Herts Reformatory 1      
  Aug 6   Liverpool Farm School 3      
  Aug 11   Red Hill Reformatory 2      
  Sept 6   Hampshire Reformatory 4      
  Oct 10   St. Kevin's Reformatory (Wicklow) 3      
  Oct 30   Red Hill Reformatory 2      
1863     Glencree Reformatory 2      
      Kingswood Reformatory 4      
      Liverpool Farm School 2      
      North Lancashire Reformatory, Bleesdale 4      
      Wandsworth Reformatory 10      
      Warwickshire Reformatory (Weston) 1      
      North Lincolnshire Reformatory 2      
      Glasgow Industrial School   10    
1868   Moravian Wellington Farm School 2      
  May Elizabeth Bright Homeless Boy's Int,London 1      
  May Damascus Stapleton Reformatory 3      
  Nov 4 St. Lawrence Queen's Reformatory, Bloomsbury, London 18      
1869 May 3 Nova Scotian Hertfordshire Reformatory 4      
  May 31 Cleopatra Model Farm, Surrey 18      
  June 22 St. David Dublin by Lamplight In.   5    
  Oct 4 Peruvian St. Joseph's Home, Sheffield   2    
  " " Bristol & Clifton Emigration Society   1 3  
1871 July 24 Moravian Brighton, Sussex, Em. Soc. 1      
  Aug 13 Nestorian Brighton, Sussex, Em. Soc.   3    
  Sept 5 Moravian Brighton, Sussex, Em. Soc. 2 1 6  
  Oct 10 Hibernian Brighton, Sussex, Em. Soc. 3 1 3  
  Oct 22 Sarmatian Brighton, Sussex, Em. Soc. 2      
1872 May 10 Hibernian Brighton, Sussex, Em. Soc. 11 5 6  
  May 20 Scotland Brighton, Sussex, Em. Soc. 21 10 12  
  May 27 Sarmatian Brighton, Sussex, Em. Soc. 2      
  July 2 Niger Brighton, Sussex, Em. Soc. 1 1 5  
  July 9 Sarmatian Brighton, Sussex, Em. Soc. 1      
  Aug 11 Peruvian Brighton, Sussex, Em. Soc. 1      
  Sept 24 Nestorian Brighton, Sussex, Em. Soc. 1 1 1  
1875 May 11 Scandinavian Red Hill Reformatory 2      
  May 11 " Feltham Reformatory 2      
  May 11 " Rev. Fletcher, Dublin   4    
  May 13 Vicksburg Miss Fletcher 2      
  May 17 Ontario Miss Fletcher 1      
  May 18 Moravian Feltham Reformatory 2      
  May 26 Sarmatian Herts Reformatory 1      
1875 May 26 " Middlesex School 2      
  May 26 Sarmatian Ready Oak School 2      
  " " Boys Home, Kent 2      
  June 1 Peruvian Wandsworth Institution 3      
  " " Byfleet School 5      
  " " Feltham Reformatory 1      
  June 8 Nova Scotian Feltham Reformatory 2      
  " " Red Hill Reformatory 1      
  June 18 Prussian Feltham Reformatory 2      
  " " Boys' Refuge, London 15      
  June 21 Polynesian Herts Reformatory 2      
  " " Feltham Reformatory 4      
  July 13 Peruvian Red Hill Reformatory 2      
  " " Wandsworth 3      
1876 June 6 Peruvian Kingswood Reformatory 3      
1877 April 30 Sardinian Red Hill Reformatory 2      
  July 11 Moravian Alloe Reformatory, Essex 2      
1885     Feltham Reformatory 25      
      Red Hill Reformatory 7      
      D. Shea, Birkdale 6      
      Liverpool Industrial School 4      
1886     Feltham Reformatory 18      
      Birkdale Farm School, Liverpool 12      
      Red Hill Reformatory 11      
      Everton Terrace Industrial School, Liverpool 9      
      Middlesex Industrial School 7      
      Bedfordshire Reformatory 6      
      Suffolk Reformatory 5      
      Orford Reformatory 3      
1886     Warwickshire Industrial School 3      
      Meath Industrial School, Dublin 3      
1887     Barnes' Home, Stockport 11      
1888     Buxton Reformatory 6      
      Feltham Industrial School 37      
      Park Row Industrial School, Bristol 2      
      Red Hill Reformatory 12      
      St. Conlaths Reformatory, Phillipstown 2      
  May 8   Industrial School, London 38 34    
1889     Bedfordshire Reformatory 8      
      Birkdale Farm School 2      
      Bristol Emigration Society 13      
      Buxton Reformatory 6      
      Cockermouth Industrial School 2      
      Red Hill Reformatory 19      
      St. Kevin's Reformatory 2      
      Saltley Reformatory 3      
      West Leamington Reformatory 2      
      Whitewill, Mark, Bristol 12      

Endnotes:

1. This information was taken from the Sessional Papers for the Government of Canada. Reports were not made for every year and some reports do not contain dates or names of ships.

back to other ships

If any one has additional information please contact me.


UWInfo | Young Immigrants | 19th Century Immigration | Genealogy | Local History

© Marjorie P. Kohli, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada, 1997-2010
Last updated: October 26, 2010 and maintained by Marj Kohli